|Exoplanet||List of exoplanets|
| Parent star
| Orbital elements|
under construction <td>Semi-major axis</td><td style="text-align: center">(a)</td> <td>0.01526 (± 0.00018) AU</td></tr>|}}<tr> <td>Eccentricity</td> <td style="text-align: center">(e)</td> <td>< 0.0298 </td></tr><tr><td>Orbital period</td><td style="text-align: center">(P)</td> <td>0.81347753 (± 0.00000071) d</td></tr><tr> <td>Inclination</td> <td style="text-align: center">(i)</td> <td>82.33 (± 0.20) °</td></tr> -->
| Physical characteristics
under construction <tr><td>Radius</td><td style="text-align: center">(r)</td><td>1.04 Template:± Template:Jupiter radius</td></tr><tr><td>Bond Albedo</td><td style="text-align: center">(Ab)</td><td>0.06-0.25</td></tr>
| Discovery information
WASP-43b is a transiting planet in orbit around the young, active, and low-mass star WASP-43 in the constellation Sextans. The planet is a Hot Jupiter with a mass twice that of Jupiter, but with a roughly equal radius. WASP-43b was flagged as a candidate by the SuperWASP program before they conducted follow-ups using instruments at La Silla Observatory in Chile, which confirmed its existence and provided orbital and physical characteristics. The planet's discovery was published on April 14, 2011.
At the time of its discovery, WASP-43b had an orbital period of approximately 0.8 days (19.2 hours), the second-shortest orbit ever detected, surpassed only by WASP-19b. In addition, at the time of discovery, WASP-43b was the most closely orbiting Hot Jupiter known, a phenomenon that can most likely be explained by its host star's low mass.
WASP-43 was first flagged as host to a potential transiting event (when a body crosses in front of and dims its host star) by data collected by SuperWASP, a British organization working to discover transiting planets across the entirety of the sky. In particular, WASP-43 was observed first by the leg of WASP-South at the South African Astronomical Observatory between January and May 2009.
Later observation by both SuperWASPs in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres led to the collection of 13,768 data points between January and May 2010 and to the use of the CORALIE spectrograph at La Silla Observatory in Chile. Fourteen measurements using the radial velocity method confirmed WASP-43b as a planet, revealing its mass in the process. The use of La Silla's TRAPPIST telescope helped the science team working on the planet to create a light curve of the planet's transit in December 2010.
- Main article: WASP-43
WASP-43 is a K-type star in the Sextans constellation that is about 80 parsecs (261 light years) away. The star has a mass of 0.58 times that of the Sun, but is more diffuse with a radius of 0.93 times that of the Sun. The star's effective temperature is 4,400 K, making the star cooler than the Sun, and is metal-poor with regards to the Sun because it has a metallicity of [Fe/H] = −0.05 (89% the amount of iron in the Sun). The star is young, and is estimated to be 598 million years old (as compared to the Sun's 4.6 billion years). Analysis of emission lines have indicated that WASP-43 is an active star.
WASP-43b is a dense Hot Jupiter with a mass of 1.78 times the mass of Jupiter, but a radius of 0.93 times that of Jupiter's. The planet orbits its host star at a mean distance of 0.0142 AU every 0.813475 days (19.5234 hours); this orbital period, at the time of WASP-43b's discovery, was the second-shortest orbit yet detected, surpassed only by WASP-19b. In addition, WASP-43b had the closest orbit to its host star (among Hot Jupiters) at the time of its discovery, comparable only to the Super-Earth planet GJ 1214b and to the planetary candidate orbiting KOI-961. While Hot Jupiters are known to have small orbital periods, planets with exceptionally small periods below three or four days are extremely rare; however, in the case of WASP-43b, the planet's proximity can be explained because its host star has a very low mass. The rarity of systems like that of WASP-43 and its planet suggest that Hot Jupiters do not usually occur around low-mass stars, or that such planets cannot maintain stable orbits around such stars.
WASP-43b, along with the planets WASP-19b and WASP-18b, conflicted with currently accepted models of tidal movements derived from observations of the orbits of binary star systems. Revisions to the model with regard to planets were proposed to help the models conform to the orbital parameters of these planets.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Gillon, M.; Triaud, A.H.M.J. (2012). "The TRAPPIST survey of southern transiting planets. I. Thirty eclipses of the ultra-short period planet WASP-43 b". Astronomy and Astrophysics (European Southern Observatory) 542 (A4). doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201218817. Bibcode: 2012A&A...542A...4G.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Jean Schneider (2011). "Notes for star WASP-43". Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. http://www.exoplanet.eu/star.php?st=WASP-43. Retrieved on 7 May 2011.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Hellier, C.; Anderson, D.R. (2011). "WASP-43b: The closest-orbiting hot Jupiter". Astronomy and Astrophysics (European Southern Observatory). doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117081. Bibcode: 2011A&A...535L...7H.
- ↑ http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.3007
- ↑ http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/october/nasas-hubble-maps-the-temperature-and-water-vapor-on-an-extreme-exoplanet/index.html
- ↑ David Williams (17 November 2010). "Mercury Fact Sheet". Goddard Space Flight Center. NASA. https://web.archive.org/web/20151106171436/http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/mercuryfact.html. Retrieved on 7 May 2011.
- ↑ "Hubble Hangout on planet WASP-43b". 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-oDqYCf3XY. Retrieved on 7 Nov 2014.